Tree cover restoration, Burkina Faso

Association pour la Préservation du Capital Productif KÔRÔ GNE (APCP/KG)

Start Date: November 2015

Est. completion Date: November 2016

APCP/KG is an association with a focus on agroforestry, reducing desertification and community capacity building. The organisation, operating in the Sanguié province of Burkina Faso, has over 400 members.

The Sanguié province 

The Sanguié province is subject to high pressure on natural resources, soil depletion, low crop yields, low ground water reserves and low rainfall levels. In the villages of Kilsio and Perkouan, there are issues with poor agricultural practices which do not restore the soils, rare conservation of large trees and natural young seedlings, and overexploitation of Non-Timber Forest Products (NTFPs). In previous years, thousands of trees have been planted, but with little maintenance, many have not made a difference. However the women’s group of Kilsio and the men’s group of Perkouan have both joined APCP/KG and have a chance to use agroforestry to maintain fertility, fight desertification, feed animals, etc. 

Project Aims

The project in Kilsio and Perkouan aims to restore the arid soils of the area through good environmental management and to increase the autonomy and nutritional self-sufficiency of both communities. The focus of the project is on mobilising the communities to manage the environment around them. The objectives of the project are: to strengthen the technical capacities of 200 farmers including 100 women; to encourage sustainable use of NTFPs, to increase tree cover on farms, to maintain at least 14,500 plants and to share the lessons learned from the project with others in the region.

Community Enthusiasm

The project began with four discussion sessions for 200 farmers on the impact of human actions on the environment and on current and future generations. This led to real community engagement and enthusiasm for the project and the identification of good practices for the preservation of the environment and the sustainable management of forest resources. There was also training for 100 women on the harvesting of NTFPs which grow in the area (Shea, Néré, Lannea microcarpa, Kapok, Acacia machrostachya).  This was followed by eight capacity building sessions on plant maintenance through Farmer Managed Natural Regeneration (FMNR) and the use of vetiver in soil restoration and water conservation.

BAMONI Patrice, the president of APCP says: The farmers’ enthusiasm can be explained by the fact that they are persuaded by the relevance of the actions; and we are already seeing a change in their behaviour in favour of the preservation of the environment. This manifests itself in the implementation of everything they have learned unlike the previous situations.

Future Action

APCP/KG is already working with the local agricultural services who provided stone rubble for the construction of contour lines, and will share what it learns from the project with the services. The remaining activities include planting of trees (Acacia senegal, Moringa oleifera, Neem, Néré, Ziziphus, Shea, Lannea microcarpa and Faidherbia albida) and identification and maintenance of young natural tree shoots. Group leaders in each village who are already experienced in planting and plant maintenance will share their knowledge with their peers in specially set up field schools. To ensure good plant development, the half-moon method will be used and vetiver planting will ensure humidity and nutrient levels are maintained near plants. When the level of vegetal cover in the area increases, firewalls will be installed to prevent the loss of plants in bush fires. Tree protection will be put in place and there’ll also be information sessions about animal roaming.

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